Difference between revisions of "Cachalot"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
1) A large toothed whale, also known as the sperm whale. Teeth from the cachalot have been used to make small objects, buttons, and jewelry (Kuhn 1986). Cachalot [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=whale oil whale oil], or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=spermaceti spermaceti], was popular for candles because it burned cleanly and did not soften in the summer months.  
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1) A large toothed whale, also known as the sperm whale. Teeth from the cachalot have been used to make small objects, buttons, and jewelry (Kuhn 1986). Cachalot [[whale oil]], or [[spermaceti]], was popular for candles because it burned cleanly and did not soften in the summer months.  
  
2) A brand name for a cachalot substitute wax made from [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=stearic acid stearic acid] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=tristearin stearin]. Stearic acid and stearin were reined from tallow using [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=alkali alkali] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sulfuric acid sulfuric acid] baths to remove the animal proteins.
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2) A brand name for a cachalot substitute wax made from [[stearic acid]] and [[tristearin|stearin]]. Stearic acid and stearin were reined from tallow using [[alkali]] and [[sulfuric acid]] baths to remove the animal proteins.
  
 
[[File:Spermwhale2wp2.jpg|thumb|Sperm whale]]
 
[[File:Spermwhale2wp2.jpg|thumb|Sperm whale]]
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== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
sperm whale; cachelot
 
sperm whale; cachelot
  
== Additional Information ==
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==Resources and Citations==
 
 
H.Kuhn, ''Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities'', Butterworths, London, 1986.
 
 
 
== Additional Images ==
 
 
 
<gallery>
 
File:Spermwhalewp2.jpg|Sperm whale
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
 
 
== Authority ==
 
  
* G.S.Brady, G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 859
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* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 859
  
* Hermann Kuhn, Hermann Kuhn, ''Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities'', Butterworths, London, 1986
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* Hermann Kuhn, ''Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities'', Butterworths, London, 1986
  
* Random House, Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
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* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

Latest revision as of 14:37, 11 May 2022

Cachalot

Description

1) A large toothed whale, also known as the sperm whale. Teeth from the cachalot have been used to make small objects, buttons, and jewelry (Kuhn 1986). Cachalot Whale oil, or Spermaceti, was popular for candles because it burned cleanly and did not soften in the summer months.

2) A brand name for a cachalot substitute wax made from Stearic acid and stearin. Stearic acid and stearin were reined from tallow using Alkali and Sulfuric acid baths to remove the animal proteins.

Sperm whale

Synonyms and Related Terms

sperm whale; cachelot

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 859
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998