Difference between revisions of "Carbon disulfide"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A clear, colorless liquid with a strong, disagreeable odor. Carbon disulfide was discovered in 1796. It was once used as a [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=fumigant fumigant] for houses, wood objects, and books. However, it is no longer recommended because it can soften [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=paint paints], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=varnish varnishes], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=plastic plastics], and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=rubber rubbers] as well as tarnish [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=metal metals]. It is also highly toxic to humans.
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A clear, colorless liquid with a strong, disagreeable odor. Carbon disulfide was discovered in 1796. It was once used as a [[fumigant]] for houses, wood objects, and books. However, it is no longer recommended because it can soften [[paint|paints]], [[varnish|varnishes]], [[plastic|plastics]], and [[rubber|rubbers]] as well as tarnish [[metal|metals]]. It is also highly toxic to humans.
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
carbon sulfide; carbon bisulfide; carbon sulphide (Br.); carbon disulphide (Br.); carbon bisulphide (Br.)
 
carbon sulfide; carbon bisulfide; carbon sulphide (Br.); carbon disulphide (Br.); carbon bisulphide (Br.)
 +
== Risks ==
  
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|carbon disulfide.jpg~Chemical structure]]]
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* Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. 
 +
* Flammable.  Dangerous fire and explosion risk. Flash point = -30C (-22F) 
 +
* Can be stored in iron, aluminum, glass, porcelain, Teflon. 
 +
* Airgas: [https://www.airgas.com/msds/001113.pdf SDS]
  
== Other Properties ==
+
== Physical and Chemical Properties ==
  
Soluble in ethanol, benzene, ether, chloroform, oils.   
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* Soluble in ethanol, benzene, ether, chloroform, oils.   
 
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* Slightly soluble in water.   
Slightly soluble in water.   
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* Burns with blue flame.
 
 
Burns with blue flame.
 
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 26: Line 28:
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
| -111.6
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| -111.6 C
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Density
 
! scope="row"| Density
| 1.2632
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| 1.2632 g/ml
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Molecular Weight
 
! scope="row"| Molecular Weight
Line 38: Line 40:
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Boiling Point
 
! scope="row"| Boiling Point
| 46.3-46.5
+
| 46.3-46.5 C
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Hazards and Safety ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
 
+
* L. Goldberg, A History Of Pest Control Measures In The Anthropology Collections, National Museum Of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, ''JAIC'' (35):23-43, 1996
Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. 
 
 
 
Flammable.  Dangerous fire and explosion risk. Flash point = -30C (-22F) 
 
 
 
Can be stored in iron, aluminum, glass, porcelain, Teflon. 
 
 
 
LINK: [http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0022.html International Chemical Safety Card]
 
 
 
== Additional Information ==
 
 
 
L. Goldberg, A History Of Pest Control Measures In The Anthropology Collections, National Museum Of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, ''JAIC'' (35):23-43, 1996
 
 
 
== Authority ==
 
  
* R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, ''Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia'', Dover Publications, New York, 1966  Comment: Flash point = -20C
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* R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, ''Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia'', Dover Publications, New York, 1966  Comment: Flash point = -20C
  
* G.S.Brady, G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 743
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* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 743
  
* Ralph Mayer, Ralph Mayer, ''A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques'', Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
+
* Ralph Mayer, ''A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques'', Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  
* Richard S. Lewis, Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
+
* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  
* Stephen R. Edwards, Bruce M. Bell, Mary Elizabeth King, Stephen R. Edwards, Bruce M. Bell, Mary Elizabeth King, ''Pest Control in Museums: a Status Report 1980'', Association of Sytematics Collections, Washington DC, 1980
+
* Stephen R. Edwards, Bruce M. Bell, Mary Elizabeth King, ''Pest Control in Museums: a Status Report 1980'', Association of Sytematics Collections, Washington DC, 1980
  
* Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, ''A Guide to Museum Pest Control'', FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
+
* Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, ''A Guide to Museum Pest Control'', FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
  
* Michael McCann, Michael McCann, ''Artist Beware'', Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979  Comment: flash point = -30C (-22F)
+
* Michael McCann, ''Artist Beware'', Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979  Comment: flash point = -30C (-22F)
  
* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
+
* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  
* Random House, Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
+
* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  
 
* ''The Merck Index'', Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983
 
* ''The Merck Index'', Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983

Latest revision as of 15:25, 19 May 2022

Description

A clear, colorless liquid with a strong, disagreeable odor. Carbon disulfide was discovered in 1796. It was once used as a Fumigant for houses, wood objects, and books. However, it is no longer recommended because it can soften paints, varnishes, plastics, and rubbers as well as tarnish metals. It is also highly toxic to humans.

Synonyms and Related Terms

carbon sulfide; carbon bisulfide; carbon sulphide (Br.); carbon disulphide (Br.); carbon bisulphide (Br.)

Risks

  • Toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption.
  • Flammable. Dangerous fire and explosion risk. Flash point = -30C (-22F)
  • Can be stored in iron, aluminum, glass, porcelain, Teflon.
  • Airgas: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Soluble in ethanol, benzene, ether, chloroform, oils.
  • Slightly soluble in water.
  • Burns with blue flame.
Composition CS2
CAS 75-15-0
Melting Point -111.6 C
Density 1.2632 g/ml
Molecular Weight mol.wt. = 76.1
Refractive Index 1.628
Boiling Point 46.3-46.5 C

Resources and Citations

  • L. Goldberg, A History Of Pest Control Measures In The Anthropology Collections, National Museum Of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, JAIC (35):23-43, 1996
  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966 Comment: Flash point = -20C
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 743
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Stephen R. Edwards, Bruce M. Bell, Mary Elizabeth King, Pest Control in Museums: a Status Report 1980, Association of Sytematics Collections, Washington DC, 1980
  • Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, A Guide to Museum Pest Control, FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979 Comment: flash point = -30C (-22F)
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index=1.628

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