Difference between revisions of "Cerium"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A rare earth element. Cerium has an abundance in the earth's crust of 46 ppm. It is found in the minerals cerite, bastnasite, and monazite. It was discovered in 1803 by Baron Berzelius, a Swedish chemist. Cerium is a gray ductile metal that is very reactive. It is used in metal alloys to increase creep resistance, and add strength. It also serves as a getter to remove traces of oxygen. [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Ceric%20oxide Ceric oxide] is used as an abrasive, catalyst, and as an ingredient in glass and glazes.
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A rare earth element. Cerium has an abundance in the earth's crust of 46 ppm. It is found in the minerals cerite, bastnasite, and monazite. It was discovered in 1803 by Baron Berzelius, a Swedish chemist. Cerium is a gray ductile metal that is very reactive. It is used in metal alloys to increase creep resistance, and add strength. It also serves as a getter to remove traces of oxygen. [[Ceric oxide]] is used as an abrasive, catalyst, and as an ingredient in glass and glazes.
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
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Ce
 
Ce
  
== Other Properties ==
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== Risks ==
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* Powder may ignite spontaneously. 
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* Fisher Scientific: [https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/99074.htm MSDS]
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==Physical and Chemical Properties==
  
 
Attacked by mineral acids and alkalis. Oxidizes in moist air.
 
Attacked by mineral acids and alkalis. Oxidizes in moist air.
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|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
 
! scope="row"| Melting Point
| 798
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| 798 C
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Density
 
! scope="row"| Density
| 6.770
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| 6.770 g/ml
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Molecular Weight
 
! scope="row"| Molecular Weight
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|-
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Boiling Point
 
! scope="row"| Boiling Point
| 3433
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| 3433 C
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Hazards and Safety ==
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==Resources and Citations==
 
 
Powder may ignite spontaneously. 
 
 
 
Fisher Scientific: [https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/99074.htm MSDS]
 
 
 
== Authority ==
 
  
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976

Latest revision as of 10:35, 24 May 2022

Metallic cerium

Description

A rare earth element. Cerium has an abundance in the earth's crust of 46 ppm. It is found in the minerals cerite, bastnasite, and monazite. It was discovered in 1803 by Baron Berzelius, a Swedish chemist. Cerium is a gray ductile metal that is very reactive. It is used in metal alloys to increase creep resistance, and add strength. It also serves as a getter to remove traces of oxygen. Ceric oxide is used as an abrasive, catalyst, and as an ingredient in glass and glazes.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Ce

Risks

  • Powder may ignite spontaneously.
  • Fisher Scientific: MSDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Attacked by mineral acids and alkalis. Oxidizes in moist air.

Composition Ce (atomic no. 58)
CAS 7440-45-1
Melting Point 798 C
Density 6.770 g/ml
Molecular Weight atomic wt. = 140.115
Boiling Point 3433 C

Resources and Citations

  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 2037
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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