A toxic, colorless liquid with a slight ether-like smell. Dioxane is no longer recommended for use. In the past, it was used as a solvent for cellulose acetate, ethyl cellulose, benzyl cellulose, and other resins, oils, and waxes. It was often found in paint and varnish removers. Dioxane was also used as a surfactant and dispersant in textile processing, dyeing, and printing.
Synonyms and Related Terms
diethylene oxide; dioxyethylene ether; 1,4-diethylene dioxide; diethylene ether; 1,4-dioxane
Miscible in water and most organic solvents.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 88.1|
Hazards and Safety
Highly toxic by skin contact, inhalation, and ingestion. Suspected carcinogen. Fumes are highly flammable and explosive. Flash point = 12C (54F)
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index = 1.420