Difference between revisions of "Etching solution"

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A typical metal plate etching solution contains strong acids. The acids corrode or dissolve the exposed parts that are not covered with the etching ground. Examples of some etching solutions are:  
 
A typical metal plate etching solution contains strong acids. The acids corrode or dissolve the exposed parts that are not covered with the etching ground. Examples of some etching solutions are:  
  
- [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Steel Steel]: 25% [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sulfuric acid sulfuric acid].
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- [[Steel]]: 25% [[sulfuric acid]].
  
- [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Brass Brass]: mixture of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=nitric acid nitric] and [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=hydrochloric acid hydrochloric] acids.
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- [[Brass]]: mixture of [[Nitric acid|nitric]] and [[hydrochloric acid|hydrochloric]] acids.
  
- [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Nickel Nickel]: 45% sulfuric acid.
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- [[Nickel]]: 45% sulfuric acid.
  
- [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Copper Copper] - [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=chromic acid chromic acid].
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- [[Copper]] - [[chromic acid]].
  
- [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Zinc Zinc]: 5% nitric acid.  
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- [[Zinc]]: 5% nitric acid.  
  
- [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Glass Glass]: [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=hydrofluoric acid hydrofluoric acid].
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- [[Glass]]: [[hydrofluoric acid]].
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
etchant; tzmittel (Deut.); etsmiddel (Ned.); soluo de ataque (Port.)
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etchant; Ätzmittel (Deut.); etsmiddel (Ned.); solução de ataque (Port.)
  
 
== Hazards and Safety ==
 
== Hazards and Safety ==
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Most of the etching solutions are toxic and will attack skin on contact.
 
Most of the etching solutions are toxic and will attack skin on contact.
  
== Authority ==
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== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
  
* Richard S. Lewis, Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
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* Richard S. Lewis, ''Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary'', Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  
* Michael McCann, Michael McCann, ''Artist Beware'', Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
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* Michael McCann, ''Artist Beware'', Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
 
* ''Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia'', Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  
* Random House, Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
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* Random House, ''Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language'', Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
 
* ''The American Heritage Dictionary'' or ''Encarta'', via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

Revision as of 21:19, 30 April 2016

Description

A typical metal plate etching solution contains strong acids. The acids corrode or dissolve the exposed parts that are not covered with the etching ground. Examples of some etching solutions are:

- Steel: 25% Sulfuric acid.

- Brass: mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids.

- Nickel: 45% sulfuric acid.

- Copper - Chromic acid.

- Zinc: 5% nitric acid.

- Glass: Hydrofluoric acid.

Synonyms and Related Terms

etchant; Ätzmittel (Deut.); etsmiddel (Ned.); solução de ataque (Port.)

Hazards and Safety

Most of the etching solutions are toxic and will attack skin on contact.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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