A colorless, oily liquid that smells like chloroform. Ethylene dichloride was first isolated in 1795 by Dutch chemists. It has been used as a solvent for fats, oils, waxes, gums, resins, plastics, and rubber. The solvent is also used in the production of chloride vinyl chloride and chloride vinylidene chloride. Ethylene dichloride is also mixed with tetrachloride carbon tetrachloride for use as the fumigants 75 Dowfume 75, and G Dowfume G.
Synonyms and Related Terms
ethylene chloride; 1,2-dichloroethane; ethane dichloride; EDC; Dutch liquid; Dutch oil; Brocide
Miscible in most organic solvents. Slightly soluble in water.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 98.96|
Hazards and Safety
Toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Irritant to eyes and skin.
Flammable. Flash point = 13 C (55 F). It may decompose with heat to produce toxic fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene (ICSC # 0007). May corrode metals in the presence of moisture.
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