Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether

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A clear, colorless liquid used as a solvent. Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether is commonly called by its trademark name of methyl Cellosolve. It is a powerful solvent that dissolves most resin natural resins and resin synthetic resins; it is used to make quick drying varnishes, organic enamels, inks, stains, and nail polishes. Methyl Cellosolve is also used to print alcohol soluble dyes on textiles.

Synonyms and Related Terms

methyl Cellosolve [Union Carbide]; 2-methoxyethanol; methoxyhydroxyethane

Chemical structure

Ethylene glycol monomethyl ether.jpg

Other Properties

Miscible with ethanol, water, ether, glycerol, acetone, and dimethylformamide.

Composition HOCH2CH2OCH3
CAS 109-86-4
Melting Point -85.1
Density 0.9663
Molecular Weight mol. wt.=106.9
Boiling Point 124.43

Hazards and Safety

Highly toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Potential carcinogen.

Combustible. Moderate fire risk.

Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS


  • Richard S. Lewis, Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 6118

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