Difference between revisions of "French polish"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A high gloss finish applied to many European furniture pieces in the 19th century. French polish consists of a dilute solution of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=shellac shellac] in [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=ethyl alcohol ethanol]. Some recipes contain small amounts of [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=sandarac sandarac], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=mastic resin mastic], [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=dammar dammar], and/or [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=benzoin resin benzoin resin]. The varnish is applied in multiple thin coats. Often a few drops of oil are added as the polish is rubbed on. Each coat is hardened then polished prior to the addition of the next layer.
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A high gloss finish applied to many European furniture pieces in the 19th century. French polish consists of a dilute solution of [[shellac]] in [[ethyl alcohol|ethanol]]. Some recipes contain small amounts of [[sandarac]], [[mastic resin|mastic]], [[dammar]], and/or [[benzoin resin]]. The varnish is applied in multiple thin coats. Often a few drops of oil are added as the polish is rubbed on. Each coat is hardened then polished prior to the addition of the next layer.
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
shellac polish (Br.); poli franais (Fr.)
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shellac polish (Br.); poli français (Fr.)
  
 
== Additional Information ==
 
== Additional Information ==
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B.Baron, "French Polishing" in ''The Techniques of Traditional Woodfinishing'', Batsford, London, 1987, p.46-58.
 
B.Baron, "French Polishing" in ''The Techniques of Traditional Woodfinishing'', Batsford, London, 1987, p.46-58.
  
== Authority ==
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== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
  
* Ralph Mayer, Ralph Mayer, ''A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques'', Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
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* Ralph Mayer, ''A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques'', Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  
* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
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* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  
 
* ''Dictionary of Building Preservation'', Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
 
* ''Dictionary of Building Preservation'', Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
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* ''Paint in America'', Robert Moss (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1994  Comment: Ian Bristow "House Painting in Britain"
 
* ''Paint in America'', Robert Moss (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1994  Comment: Ian Bristow "House Painting in Britain"
  
* Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, ''A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques'', Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
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* Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, ''A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques'', Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
  
* George Savage, George Savage, ''Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook'', Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954
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* George Savage, ''Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook'', Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954
  
  
  
 
[[Category:Materials database]]
 
[[Category:Materials database]]

Revision as of 21:49, 30 April 2016

Description

A high gloss finish applied to many European furniture pieces in the 19th century. French polish consists of a dilute solution of Shellac in ethanol. Some recipes contain small amounts of Sandarac, mastic, Dammar, and/or Benzoin resin. The varnish is applied in multiple thin coats. Often a few drops of oil are added as the polish is rubbed on. Each coat is hardened then polished prior to the addition of the next layer.

Synonyms and Related Terms

shellac polish (Br.); poli français (Fr.)

Additional Information

B.Baron, "French Polishing" in The Techniques of Traditional Woodfinishing, Batsford, London, 1987, p.46-58.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Paint in America, Robert Moss (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1994 Comment: Ian Bristow "House Painting in Britain"
  • Tom Rowland, Noel Riley, A-Z Guide to Cleaning, Conserving and Repairing Antiques, Constable and Co., Ltd., London, 1981
  • George Savage, Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook, Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954

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