An unstandardized name use for the following timbers:
1) Sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus). A deciduous tree native to Europe that has a fine-grained, greenish-gray wood. It is used for musical instruments, furniture, inlays and veneers.
2) English sycamore (family Platanaceae). These trees, also called plane trees, are found throughout Europe and Asia Minor. They have a light yellow wood that appears similar to oak. It takes a fine polish and is used for tool handles, flooring, furniture, and veneers.
3) West Indian Satinwood (Zanthoxylon flavuum). Satinwood has an irregular grain an a yellowish color that darkens as it ages.
4) Wood from the English sycamore that has been dyed a brownish gray color.
Synonyms and Related Terms
sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus); West Indian satinwood (Zanthoxylon flavuum); sicomoro, arce blanco (Esp.); padreiro (Port.); Sicomoro (It.); acero montano (It.); English sycamore
Physical and Chemical Properties
1. Grows to heights of 35 m (115 ft). The smooth, gray bark flakes when the tree is older. Broad, 5-lobed palmate leaves have long leaf stalks. the greenish yellow flowerheads dangle in panicles. Seeds are winged and occur in pairs.
Resources and Citations
- Schoch, W., Heller, I., Schweingruber, F.H., Kienast, F., 2004:Wood anatomy of central European Species: Great Maple,Sycamore Maple, Acer pseudoplatanus L.
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- George Savage, Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook, Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954