The first synthetic basic dye. The pale purple color was patented in August 1856 by William Perkin, a Scottish chemist. Mauve is an aniline based dye that is composed of amino-phenylamino-p-tolyl ditolazonium sulfate. It was synthesized from coal-tar when Perkin treated aniline with acid sulfuric acid and dichromate potassium dichromate. Mauve is not lightfast and but is still occasionally used in some watercolor paints.
Synonyms and Related Terms
aniline violet; CI 50245; mauveine; Malven (Deut.); mauve (Fr., Ned.); mauvne (Fr.); pourpre d'aniline (Fr.); violetto anilina (It.); malva (Port.); Perkin's violet; Perkin's purple; aniline purple
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