A ductile metallic element. Vanadium was discovered in 1803 by Andres del Rio, rediscovered in 1831 by Nils Selstrom, and isolated by Henry Roscoe in 1867. It has an abundance of 0.015% in the earth's crust and primarily occurs in the ores patronite, vanadinite, roscoelite, and carnotite. Vanadium is mined in Mexico, Peru, South Africa, Zambia, Italy, Germany, and the U.S. (Colorado, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico). The silvery white metal is primarily added to steel to increase rust and wear resistance. Vanadium is also used as a target material for x-rays. Vanadium salts are used as yellow and red colorants in glass and glazes, as absorber UV absorbers, as mordants, and as photographic developers.
Synonyms and Related Terms
V; Vanadium (Deut., Fr., Ned., Nor.); vanadio (It., Esp.); Vandio (Port.); Vanadin (Sven.); wanad (Pol.);
Soluble in hot mineral acids. Insoluble in water.
|Composition||V (atomic no. 23)|
|Molecular Weight||atomic wt = 50.9414|
Hazards and Safety
Contact and inhalation of dust may cause irritation.
Fisher Scientific: MSDS
Web Elements: Website
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