Difference between revisions of "Fiberglass"

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== Description ==
 
  
A common generic name used for [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=glass fiber glass fibers], glass fabrics and resins reinforced with glass fibers.  In 1893, spun glass fibers were made into a fabric for a lampshape by Edward D. Libbey and exhibited at the Columbian Exhibition in Chicago.  Beginning in the 1930s, Owen-Corning developed several processes for making fine, continuous glass fibers which were sold under the trademark of "[http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=Fiberglas Fiberglas]". Over time, the name 'fiberglass' became generally used for all glass fiber products.
 
 
See also [http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=GRP GRP] (glassfibre reinforced plastic) and FRP ([http://cameo.mfa.org/materials/fullrecord.asp?name=fiber reinforced plastic fiber reinforced plastic]).
 
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
 
fiber glass; glass fiber; fibreglass (Br.); GRP (glassfibre reinforced plastic); glass fabric; FRP (fiber reinforced plastic); fibra de vidrio (Esp.) Glaswolle (Deut.); fibre de verre (Fr.); fibra de vidro (Port.); fiberglas (Ned); glasvezel (Ned); glaswol (Ned); spun glass; silica fiber;
 
 
Brand names: Fiberglas [Owens-Corning]; Garan; Modiglass; PPG; Ultrastrand;
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
! scope="row"| Density
 
| 2.54
 
|}
 
 
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|glassfiber200mm.jpg~SEM|glassfiber1500mm.jpg~SEM]]]
 
 
== Hazards and Safety ==
 
 
Irritating to skin and respiratory systemSuspected carcinogenNonflammable
 
 
== Authority ==
 
 
* Ralph Mayer, Ralph Mayer, ''A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques'', Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
 
 
* Theodore J. Reinhart, Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', ''Engineered Plastics'', ASM International, 1988
 
 
* Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Hoechst Celanese Corporation, ''Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology'' (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
 
 
* Rosalie Rosso King, Rosalie Rosso King, ''Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation'', Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
 
 
* Michael McCann, Michael McCann, ''Artist Beware'', Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
 
 
* Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, ''Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology'', U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
 
 
* ''Dictionary of Building Preservation'', Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
 
 
* Thomas C. Jester (ed.), Thomas C. Jester (ed.), ''Twentieth-Century Building Materials'', McGraw-Hill Companies, Washington DC, 1995
 
 
* ''Identification of Textile Materials'', The Textile Institute, Manchester, England, 1985
 
 
* External source or communication, External source or communication  Comment: 'Can this be glass? The strange story of Fiberglas-the wonder glass of the 20th Century' Owens-Corning, Toledo Ohio, 1939.
 
 
* ''The Dictionary of Art'', Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996  Comment: "Plastic" and "Fibreglass"
 
 
 
 
[[Category:Materials database]]
 

Revision as of 06:51, 24 July 2013