Fiberglass

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Description

A common generic name used for glass fibers, glass fabrics and resins reinforced with glass fibers. In 1893, spun glass fibers were made into a fabric for a lampshape by Edward D. Libbey and exhibited at the Columbian Exhibition in Chicago. Beginning in the 1930s, Owen-Corning developed several processes for making fine, continuous glass fibers which were sold under the trademark of "Fiberglas". Over time, the name 'fiberglass' became generally used for all glass fiber products.

See also GRP (glassfibre reinforced plastic) and FRP (reinforced plastic fiber reinforced plastic).

Synonyms and Related Terms

fiber glass; glass fiber; fibreglass (Br.); GRP (glassfibre reinforced plastic); glass fabric; FRP (fiber reinforced plastic); fibra de vidrio (Esp.) Glaswolle (Deut.); fibre de verre (Fr.); fibra de vidro (Port.); fiberglas (Ned); glasvezel (Ned); glaswol (Ned); spun glass; silica fiber;

Brand names: Fiberglas [Owens-Corning]; Garan; Modiglass; PPG; Ultrastrand;

Density 2.54

SEM

Glassfiber200mm.jpg

SEM

Glassfiber1500mm.jpg


Hazards and Safety

Irritating to skin and respiratory systemSuspected carcinogenNonflammable

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Ralph Mayer, Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Theodore J. Reinhart, Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Michael McCann, Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Thomas C. Jester (ed.), Thomas C. Jester (ed.), Twentieth-Century Building Materials, McGraw-Hill Companies, Washington DC, 1995
  • Identification of Textile Materials, The Textile Institute, Manchester, England, 1985
  • External source or communication, External source or communication Comment: 'Can this be glass? The strange story of Fiberglas-the wonder glass of the 20th Century' Owens-Corning, Toledo Ohio, 1939.
  • The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: "Plastic" and "Fibreglass"