Difference between revisions of "Imitation leather"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
A flexible fabric or paper imprinted or embossed to simulate the appearance and feel of leather. For inexpensive imitation leathers, a base cloth of a heavy fabric, such as [[duck (bird)|cotton duck]] or [[rayon fiber|rayon]], is coated with a plastic, such as [[vinyl resin|vinyl]], [[cellulose acetate]], [[cellulose nitrate]], [[polyethylene]], or [[neoprene|chloroprene]] rubber. Some imitation leathers are made without a fabric lining. One method uses thick, embossed sheets of slightly elastomeric plastic ([[rubber, natural|rubber]] or [[polyurethane]]) while a second method uses compressed, pulped leather scraps and a third method uses textile fibers mixed with a polymeric binder. Imitation leathers are used for upholstery, luggage, bookbinding, and automobile seat covers. It is unlawful to use terms that imply a material is leather when it is an imitation. See also [[Fabrikoid]] and [[Naugahyde®]].
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A flexible fabric or paper imprinted or embossed to simulate the appearance and feel of leather. For inexpensive imitation leathers, a base cloth of a heavy fabric, such as [[duck (bird)|cotton duck]] or [[rayon fiber|rayon]], is coated with a plastic, such as [[vinyl resin|vinyl]], [[cellulose acetate]], [[cellulose nitrate]], [[polyethylene]], or [[neoprene|chloroprene]] rubber. Some imitation leathers are made without a fabric lining. One method uses thick, embossed sheets of slightly elastomeric plastic ([[rubber|rubber]] or [[polyurethane]]) while a second method uses compressed, pulped leather scraps and a third method uses textile fibers mixed with a polymeric binder. Imitation leathers are used for upholstery, luggage, bookbinding, and automobile seat covers. It is unlawful to use terms that imply a material is leather when it is an imitation. See also [[Fabrikoid]] and [[Naugahyde®]].
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
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artificial leather; cuir artificiel (Fr.); imitación de cuero (Esp.);  imitación de piel (Esp.); namaak leer (Ned); leerdoek (Ned.); leatherette; leather cloth; Fabrikoid; Naugahyde®;
 
artificial leather; cuir artificiel (Fr.); imitación de cuero (Esp.);  imitación de piel (Esp.); namaak leer (Ned); leerdoek (Ned.); leatherette; leather cloth; Fabrikoid; Naugahyde®;
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
  
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 203
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 203
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* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
 
* Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000
  
* Website address 1  Comment: American Leather Chemists Association Glossary at www.leatherchemists.org
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* American Leather Chemists Association Glossary at www.leatherchemists.org
  
  
  
 
[[Category:Materials database]]
 
[[Category:Materials database]]

Latest revision as of 18:21, 4 August 2020

Description

A flexible fabric or paper imprinted or embossed to simulate the appearance and feel of leather. For inexpensive imitation leathers, a base cloth of a heavy fabric, such as cotton duck or rayon, is coated with a plastic, such as vinyl, Cellulose acetate, Cellulose nitrate, Polyethylene, or chloroprene rubber. Some imitation leathers are made without a fabric lining. One method uses thick, embossed sheets of slightly elastomeric plastic (Rubber or Polyurethane) while a second method uses compressed, pulped leather scraps and a third method uses textile fibers mixed with a polymeric binder. Imitation leathers are used for upholstery, luggage, bookbinding, and automobile seat covers. It is unlawful to use terms that imply a material is leather when it is an imitation. See also Fabrikoid and Naugahyde®.

Synonyms and Related Terms

artificial leather; cuir artificiel (Fr.); imitación de cuero (Esp.); imitación de piel (Esp.); namaak leer (Ned); leerdoek (Ned.); leatherette; leather cloth; Fabrikoid; Naugahyde®;

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 203
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • Polymer Handbook, Sealants and Adhesives
  • American Leather Chemists Association Glossary at www.leatherchemists.org

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