Vinyl resin

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Description

A family of plastics made from the polymerization of vinyl compounds, such as vinyl acetate, vinyl chloride, and vinylidene chloride. Vinyl resins produce clear, hard films and are also used as coatings and adhesives. Polyvinyl acetate (PVAC) was first produced in 1912 and was first used as an artist medium in 1938. Water-based emulsions or 'latex' paints have been used as house paints as well as artist media. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was marketed as a thermoplastic, moldable resin in the 1930s. PVC is used in for plastic pipes, windows, toys, resilient flooring, vinyl siding, elastomeric fibers, and decorative molding. Vinyl fibers are made from polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl fluoride, and polyvinylidene chloride. Resilient, waterproof vinyl fabrics can be made from the vinyl fibers or by coating other fibers with a thin layer of vinyl resin. Vinyl fibers are used in outdoor fabrics, such as tarps, awnings, rain gear, and fishing nets

Synonyms and Related Terms

resina vinílica (Esp.); résine vinylique (Fr.); resina vinilica (It.); resinas vinílicas (Port.); vinyl polymer; vinyl plastic;

Comparisons

Physical Properties for Selected Thermoplastic Resins

General Characteristics of Polymers

Additional Information

Links to Oddy Test results posted on AIC Wiki Materials Database Pages for individual materials below

° 3M New Zealand Avery Dennison vinyl laminate tested in 2017
° JAC vinyl sheet tested in 2014
° Macal glass decor vinyl tested in 2014
° Metamark sign vinyl tested in 2014
° Ritrama vinyl sheet tested in 2014
° Forbo Westbond Carpet with vinyl backing tested in 2013
° Five colors of Vinyl-Macal sheeting tested in 2010
° Leach Graphics/ Avery Dennison adhesive film on vinyl tested in 2009

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 847
  • Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Theodore J. Reinhart, 'Glossary of Terms', Engineered Plastics, ASM International, 1988
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996

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