Difference between revisions of "Saturated salt solutions"

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m (Text replace - "== Authority (list of sources check for information on this record)==" to "== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==")
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Percent relative humidities produced at 20 C (Greenspan 1977):  
 
Percent relative humidities produced at 20 C (Greenspan 1977):  
 
+
* lithium chloride = 12.4  
- lithium chloride = 12.4  
+
* potassium acetate = 23.3  
 
+
* magnesium chloride = 33.6  
- potassium acetate = 23.3  
+
* potassium carbonate = 44  
 
+
* potassium nitrite = 49  
- magnesium chloride = 33.6  
+
* magnesium nitrate = 54.9  
 
+
* sodium nitrite = 65.3  
- potassium carbonate = 44  
+
* sodium chloride = 75.5  
 
+
* ammonium sulfate = 80.6  
- potassium nitrite = 49  
+
* potassium nitrate = 93.2  
 
+
* potassium sulfate = 97.2
- magnesium nitrate = 54.9  
 
 
 
- sodium nitrite = 65.3  
 
 
 
- sodium chloride = 75.5  
 
 
 
- ammonium sulfate = 80.6  
 
 
 
- potassium nitrate = 93.2  
 
 
 
- potassium sulfate = 97.2
 
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
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salt solutions
 
salt solutions
  
== Additional Information ==
+
== Resources and Citations ==
 
 
L. Greenspan "Humidity Fixed Points of Binary Saturated Aqueous Solutions" ''J. Research of the NBS'', Vol 81A, No. 1 1977.
 
  
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
+
* L. Greenspan "Humidity Fixed Points of Binary Saturated Aqueous Solutions" ''J. Research of the NBS'', Vol 81A, No. 1 1977.
  
 
* Hermann Kuhn, ''Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities'', Butterworths, London, 1986
 
* Hermann Kuhn, ''Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities'', Butterworths, London, 1986

Revision as of 14:33, 1 September 2020

Description

In a closed environment, saturated salt solutions can maintain an equilibrium with the moisture in the air. At low humidities, fully hydrated (liquid) salts can volatilize water. The solid salts can absorb moisture when the humidity is high.

Percent relative humidities produced at 20 C (Greenspan 1977):

  • lithium chloride = 12.4
  • potassium acetate = 23.3
  • magnesium chloride = 33.6
  • potassium carbonate = 44
  • potassium nitrite = 49
  • magnesium nitrate = 54.9
  • sodium nitrite = 65.3
  • sodium chloride = 75.5
  • ammonium sulfate = 80.6
  • potassium nitrate = 93.2
  • potassium sulfate = 97.2

Synonyms and Related Terms

salt solutions

Resources and Citations

  • L. Greenspan "Humidity Fixed Points of Binary Saturated Aqueous Solutions" J. Research of the NBS, Vol 81A, No. 1 1977.
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002

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