Difference between revisions of "Trichloroethylene"

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== Description ==
 
== Description ==
  
Colorless liquid with a chloroform odor. Trichloroethylene has been used as a solvent for [[fat|fats]], [[oil|oils]], [[wax|waxes]], [[natural%20resin|resins]], [[rubber%2C%20natural|rubber]], [[plastic|plastics]], [[paint|paints]], and [[varnish|varnishes]]. It was widely used for degreasing and dry-cleaning, but by 1990 its usage was banned in many states.
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Colorless liquid with a chloroform odor. Trichloroethylene has been used as a solvent for [[fat|fats]], [[oil|oils]], [[wax|waxes]], [[natural%20resin|resins]], [[rubber|rubber]], [[plastic|plastics]], [[paint|paints]], and [[varnish|varnishes]]. It was widely used for degreasing and dry-cleaning, but by 1990 its usage was banned in many states.
  
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
 
== Synonyms and Related Terms ==
  
 
trichloroethene; 1,1,2-trichloroethylene; ethylene trichloride; westrosol; Tri-Clene [DuPont]; Trethylene; Chlorylene;
 
trichloroethene; 1,1,2-trichloroethylene; ethylene trichloride; westrosol; Tri-Clene [DuPont]; Trethylene; Chlorylene;
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[[[SliderGallery rightalign|trichloroethylene.jpg~Chemical structure]]]
  
[[[SliderGallery rightalign|trichloroethylene.jpg~Chemical structure]]]
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== Risks ==
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Nonflammable but decomposes with heat to produce toxic fumes.  Potential carcinogen. Toxic by inhalation.  Usage prohibited in some states. Skin contact causes irritation. 
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Millipore Sigma: [https://www.emdmillipore.com/US/en/product/msds/MDA_CHEM-100958?ReferrerURL=https%3A%2F%2Fsearch.yahoo.com%2F&bd=1 MSDS]
  
 
== Other Properties ==
 
== Other Properties ==
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== Hazards and Safety ==
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== Resources and Citations ==
 
 
Nonflammable but decomposes with heat to produce toxic fumes.  Potential carcinogen. Toxic by inhalation.  Usage prohibited in some states. Skin contact causes irritation. 
 
 
 
LINK: [http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsneng/neng0081.html International Chemical Safety Card]
 
 
 
== Sources Checked for Data in Record ==
 
  
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 303
 
* G.S.Brady, ''Materials Handbook'', McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971  Comment: p. 303

Latest revision as of 18:10, 4 August 2020

Description

Colorless liquid with a chloroform odor. Trichloroethylene has been used as a solvent for fats, oils, waxes, resins, Rubber, plastics, paints, and varnishes. It was widely used for degreasing and dry-cleaning, but by 1990 its usage was banned in many states.

Synonyms and Related Terms

trichloroethene; 1,1,2-trichloroethylene; ethylene trichloride; westrosol; Tri-Clene [DuPont]; Trethylene; Chlorylene;

Chemical structure

Trichloroethylene.jpg


Risks

Nonflammable but decomposes with heat to produce toxic fumes. Potential carcinogen. Toxic by inhalation. Usage prohibited in some states. Skin contact causes irritation.

Millipore Sigma: MSDS

Other Properties

Miscible with organic solvents. Insoluble in water.

Composition CHCl:CCl2
CAS 79-01-6
Melting Point -73
Density 1.456-1.462
Molecular Weight mol. wt.= 131.4
Refractive Index 1.4735
Boiling Point 86.7

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 303
  • Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 9769; ref. index=1.4735
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index=1.475