Bast fiber

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MFA Acc. #: 2004.2104

Contents

Description

Strong, woody fibers obtained from the phloem tissues of many plants. Bast fibers are obtained from the stems and leaves of the plants. Examples of bast fibers are flax, hemp, ramie, jute, abaca, cantala, henequen, sisal, pineapple, mitsumata, gampi, and kozo. Bast fibers are used for textiles, rope, and paper.

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Synonyms and Related Terms

bast fibers; bast fibre (Br.); fibra blanda del folema (Esp.); fibra liberiana (Esp.); bastvezel (Ned); phloem fiber; pericyclic fiber; cortical fiber

Comparisons

File:Properties of Natural Fibers.pdf

Other Properties

Paper fiber type: non-woody/bast. Using transmitted light microscopy, bast fibers are identified by their prominent nodes, and long fibers. Width of the lumen varies with species. Appearance with Graff "C" stain: varies with species, but typically pinkish red due to high alpha cellulose, nodes may stain red. Average dimensions of fibers: varies with species. Common pulping method: Soda. For specific paper fiber properties see: flax, jute, hemp, ramie, abaca, and sisal.

Additional Images

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Mary-Lou Florian, Dale Paul Kronkright, Ruth E. Norton, The Conservation of Artifacts Made from Plant Materials, The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, 1990
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • Bernard Toale, The Art of Papermaking, Davis Publications, Portland OR, 1983
  • Walter C. McCrone, John Gustave Delly, The Particle Atlas, W. McCrone Associates, Chicago, IV, 1972
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 333
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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