An orange reddish amorphous powder. Bismuth chromate has been mentioned as having been used as a pigment in the early 19th century. However, it was expensive and offered no clear advantages over the other available pigments at the time.
Synonyms and Related Terms
basic dichromate; cromato de bismuto (Esp.); chromate de bismuth (Fr.); cromato di bismuto (It.); cromato de bismuto (Port.)
Soluble in acids and alkalis. Insoluble in water and ethanol.
Hazards and Safety
Human carcinogen. Skin contact may cause allergies. Acute ingestion may cause fatal chromium poisoning. Chronic inhalation may cause lung cancer and respiratory irritation.
H. Kuhn, M.Curran, "Chrome Yellow and Other Chromate Pigments", Artists Pigments, Volume 1, R. Feller (ed.), Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1986.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Artists' Pigments: A Handbook of their History and Characteristics, R.L.Feller, ed., Cambridge University Press, London, Vol. 1, 1986 Comment: H. Kuhn, M.Curran, "Chrome Yellow and Other Chromate Pigments"
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 104
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993