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A semiprecious stone composed of dark green chalcedony with flecks of red jasper that were thought to resemble drops of blood. Bloodstones, when submerged in water, give a reddish reflection. These stones are found in Asia, the Hebrides Islands of Scotland, Ethiopia, Egypt, India, and western Europe. Bloodstones were not commonly used in ancient times although occasional cylinder seals have been found (Odgen 1982). During the Middle Ages, bloodstones were used in sculptures to represent flagellation. Bloodstones are currently used as gemstones in jewelry.

Synonyms and Related Terms

heliotrope; chalcedony

Other Properties

Fracture = conchoidal. Luster = vitreous to waxy. Streak = white.

Mohs Hardness 7.0
Density 2.6

Additional Information

J. Ogden, Jewelry of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications, New York, 1982.


Properties of Common Gemstones

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Jack Odgen, Jewellery of the Ancient World, Rizzoli International Publications Inc., New York City, 1982
  • A.Lucas, J.R.Harris, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 4th edition, 1962 Comment: used from 2200-1200 BC in Egypt
  • C.W.Chesterman, K.E.Lowe, Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Rocks and Minerals, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1979
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, Comment: "bloodstone." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2004. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 2 Dec. 2004 .
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998