Camphene

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Description

A colorless, crystalline material. Camphene is a terpene type compound obtained from camphor oil or synthesized from turpentine. Camphene was used as a camphor substitute and as an insecticide. The name camphene has been mistakenly used as a synonym for burning fluid, which is a 19th century commercial lamp oil containing a turpentine and ethanol mixture that burned brightly but was potentially explosive.

Synonyms and Related Terms

2,2-dimethyl-3-methylenebycyclo-[2,2,2]heptane

Chemical structure

Camphene.jpg


Other Properties

Soluble in ether, cyclohexane, cyclohexene, dioxane, chloroform. Slightly soluble in ethanol. Insoluble in water. Cubic crystals.

Composition C10H16
CAS 79-92-5
Melting Point 51-52
Density 0.8422
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 136.24
Refractive Index 1.45514
Boiling Point 158.5-159.5

Hazards and Safety

Toxic by ingestion. Flammable solid. Flash point = 36 C.

Fisher Scientific: MSDS

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • External source or communication Comment: Submitted information: Charles Leib, August 2008.
  • External source or communication Comment: Submitted information: Charles Leib, August 2008.
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 832
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 1777
  • MSDS Sheet Comment: Fisher Scientific 8/20/02: mp = 36.00 - 38.00 deg C
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998