A bright red or dark purple brown powder. Carminic acid is the primary colorant in cochineal dyestuff. It is a tricyclic compound that is extracted from the dried insects Coccus cacti with water. Carminic acid changes colors with acidity. It is a bright red in neutral solutions, below pH 4.8, it is yellow and above 6.2, it is a deep violet color. Carminic acid is used as a lake pigment for oil colors, as a red dye for photography and as a textile colorant.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Natural Red 4; CI 75470; ácido (Esp.); acido carminico (It.); ácido carmínico (Port.)
Soluble in water,ethanol, concentrated sulfuric acid. Insoluble in ether, benzene, chloroform. UV max in water = 500 nm.
|Melting Point||136 (dec)|
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 492.39|
Hazards and Safety
Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 1891
- Thomas B. Brill, Light Its Interaction with Art and Antiquities, Plenum Press, New York City, 1980
- F. Crace-Calvert, Dyeing and Calico Printing, Palmer & Howe, London, 1876
- Sigma Dyes, Stains and Natural Pigments, Infrared Library, Nicolet, 1991-1995 Comment: OMNIC: formula= C22H20O13, CAS= 1260-17-9