Clear, colorless liquid composed of ethanol mixed with a toxic denaturant. The added denaturant makes the alcohol unfit for consumption. Examples of denaturants are methanol, benzol, ether, tert-butanol, gasoline, methyl isobutyl ketone, pyridine or brucine. Denatured alcohol is sold as a shellac thinner, but some denaturants may effect the quality of other varnishes. Denatured alcohol is exempt from many of the taxes placed on alcoholic beverages.
Synonyms and Related Terms
methylated spirit (Br.); reagent alcohol; denatured spirits, denatured ethanol
Miscible with water, acetone, ether, benzene
Hazards and Safety
Toxic by ingestion. Inhalation and contact cause irritation.
Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to flames. Flash point = 13C.
Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993