A green, calcium magnesium silicate mineral sometimes used as a gemstone. Diopside is a pyroxene type mineral with short, monoclinic crystals. The transparent to translucent crystals have either a square or octagonal cross section. The color of diopside crystals ranges from light to dark green. Diopside has been found at many locations throughout Europe (Russia, Finland, Sweden, Switzerland and Italy), Canada (Ontario, Quebec) and the United States (New York, California and Maine). Powdered diopside is used as a matting agent in ceramic glazes.
Synonyms and Related Terms
calcium magnesium silicate; diopside (Fr.); diópsido (Esp., Port.); Diposid (Deut.); diopsiet (Ned.)
Monoclinic system with slender square or octagonal prisms that are often twinned. Cleavage occurs at intersecting angles of 87 and 93 degrees although fracture is usually uneven.
Luster = vitreous to dull. Streak = white, gray or green
|Mohs Hardness||5.0 - 6.5|
Mineralogy Database: Diopside
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Robert Fournier, Illustrated Dictionary of Practical Pottery, Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 1992
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "diopside" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed December 4, 2001]. (tech info)
- C.W.Chesterman, K.E.Lowe, Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Rocks and Minerals, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1979
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diopside (Accessed Sept. 7, 2005)
- Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998