Flame retardant

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Description

A material or additive that does not support combustion. Flame retardants are often added to susceptible materials, such as textiles, plastics, paints, or wood to slow or inhibit the spread of fire. Examples of fire retardant chemicals (FRC) include clays, borax, boric acid, sodium borate, ammonium sulfate, sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, as well as most halides, phosphates, and sulfates.

Synonyms and Related Terms

"fire retardant; retardateur de feu (Fr.); retardador de fogo (Port.); retardador de incêndio (Port.); intumescent coating; FRC; fire-retardant paint

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • ASTM, "Standard Terminology Relating to Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products", Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 6, Paints, Related Coatings and Aromatics, ASTM, D16, 7-Jan, Jul-96
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Pam Hatchfield, Pollutants in the Museum Environment, Archetype Press, London, 2002