A thin, loosely woven fabric with a self-finished edge. Gauze fabric is thought to have originated in the mid-16th century in Gaza, Palestine. It is typically made from cotton, wool, silk, or synthetic fibers with a loose, open weave. Cotton gauze is often used for surgical dressings and cheesecloth. The term gauze has also been applied to any open weave material such as a sheet of wire screening or plastic mesh.
See also leno weave.
Synonyms and Related Terms
gauze weave; gasa (Esp.); gaas (Ned);
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997 Comment: originated 1561
- Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "Gauze." Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 Aug. 2004 .
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- Website address 1 Comment: www.fabrics.net
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000