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MFA Acc. #: 38.1756


A thin, loosely woven fabric with a self-finished edge. Gauze fabric is thought to have originated in the mid-16th century in Gaza, Palestine. It is typically made from cotton, wool, silk, or synthetic fibers with a loose, open weave. Cotton gauze is often used for surgical dressings and cheesecloth. The term gauze has also been applied to any open weave material such as a sheet of wire screening or plastic mesh.

See also leno weave.

Gauze facing layer

Synonyms and Related Terms

gauze weave; gasa (Esp.); gaas (Ned);

Additional Images

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997 Comment: originated 1561
  • Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
  • Website address 1 Comment: