A large nettle plant (Urtica ardens) native to Europe. The giant nettle has been cultivated for centuries as a source of fibers. Nettle fibers are light-color, soft and strong. They are used for twine, rope, canvas, sailcloth, and paper. Nettle fibers are also used as substitutes for flax and hemp.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Fiber width = 6-24 microns with thickness variations. Striations are well-defined often giving the appearance of nodes. Parenchymal cells are elongated with small surface markings.
° T.Collings, D. Miller, 'The Identification of Oriental Paper Fibers' The Paper Conservator, vol 3, 1978.