A thin, glassy coating or finish.
--Paintings: Glaze is a thin film of transparent to semitransparent color added to change tonality. Glazes may be composed of diluted oil or oil/resin paint. A glaze usually refers to a darker color (e.g., Vandyke brown) applied over a lighter underlayer.
--Ceramics: Glaze is a thin, vitreous, opaque coating fired on the surface of a ceramic body to add color, texture, and water resistance. Ceramic glazes are usually mixtures of silicates, lead compounds, and boric acid flux.
--Textiles and paper: Glaze is a highly polished finish obtained by treating the fabric or paper with starch, glue, wax, or synthetic resins, then heat-pressing. Chintz fabric, leathers, and many decorative papers are glazed.
Synonyms and Related Terms
glazing; glaçure (Fr.); veladura (Esp., Port.)
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- ASTM, "Standard Terminology Relating to Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products", Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 6, Paints, Related Coatings and Aromatics, ASTM, D16, 7-Jan, Jul-96
- Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
- E.J.LaBarre, Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Paper and Paper-making, Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam, 1969
- Teri Hensick, contributed information, 1998