A white crystalline compound. Hydroquinone is used in black and white photographic processing as a reducing agent. It is also used as an antioxidant in polymers and as a stabilizer in paints and varnishes.
Synonyms and Related Terms
1,4-benzenediol; p-dihydroxybenzene; hydroquinol; quinol; Aida; Black and White Bleaching Cream; Eldoquin; Eldopaque; Tecquinol; Quinol; hydrochinon; hydrokinone; 1,4-dihydroxybenzene;
Soluble in water, ethanol and ether. Slightly soluble in benzene.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt.=110.11|
Hazards and Safety
Combustible. Flash point =165 C (329 F).
Highly toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Skin contact can cause severe irritation.
Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 4796
- Website address 1 Comment: www.jetcity.com/~mrjones/chemdesc.htm - photographic chemicals
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroquinone (Accessed Mar. 20, 2006)
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998