Lexicon of Asian Textiles

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Classification

English term Japanese (romaji) Chinese (pinyin) Examples
Plain/tabby 平織り(Hira ori) 平纹(Ping wen) muslin, chintz
Twill 綾織り (Aya ori) 斜纹(Xie wen) Brocade
Damask 緞子 (Donsu) 锦缎 (Jin duan) Damask
Compound 複様組織 (Fukuyō sosiki) 混纺 (Hun fang) example
Crossed 羅織 (Ra ori) 绞梭,交叉(Jiao suo, Jiao cha) Gauze
Velvet ビロード (Birōdo) 丝绒 (Si rong) Velvet

Design

English term Japanese (romaji) Chinese (pinyin) Examples
Plain/none 無地 (Muji) 素面 (Su mian) habutae, broad cloth
Plants/Flowers 植物・花 (Shokubutsu/Hana) 植物/花 (Zhi wu/Hua) Peonies in Chinese Arabesques, Plum, Camellias, Floral roundel
Auspicious symbols 吉祥 (Kisshō) 吉祥象征(Ji xiang xiang zheng) Buddhist treasures, Tamamushi beetle
Geometric patterns 幾何学 (kikagaku) 几何图案 (Ji he tu an) Fret pattern, Diamond pattern
Stripes/Plaid 縞・格子縞 (Shima/Kōshijima) 条纹/格子 (Tiao wen/Ge zi) Pin stripe, Tartan
Animals/Birds 動物・鳥  (Dōbutsu/Tori) 动物/鸟 (Dong wu/Niao) Dragon, Hare, Peacock, Sparrow
Natural Motifs 自然 (Shizen) 自然主题 (Zi ran zhu ti) Clouds, Moon, Waves
Other その他 (Sonota) 其他 (Qi ta) abstract, Moire

Base Color

English term Japanese (romaji) Chinese (pinyin) examples
Multi-color 多色 (Tashoku) 多色 (Duo se) red weft/yellow warp
Red 赤 (Aka) 红, 赤 (Hong, Chi) burgundy, pink, vermillion
Yellow 黄 (Ki) 黄 (Huang) golden, ocher
Green 萌黄 (Moegii) 绿 (Lǜ) lime, willow
Blue 紺・浅葱 (Kon/Asagi) 蓝 (Lan) Indigo, sky blue
Purple 紫 (Murasaki) 紫 (Zi) royal purple, lavender
Brown 茶 (Cha) 棕 (Zong) tea, tan
Black 黒 (Kuro) 黑 (Hei) ink
Gray 鼠 (Nezumi) 灰 (Hui) mouse, ash
White/ivory 白・牙色 (Shiro/Ge iro) 白/象牙色 (Bai/Xiang ya se) shell
Gold 金 (Kin) 金 (Jin) metallic yellow
Silver 銀 (Gin) 银 (Yin) metallic gray
Other その他  (Sonota) 其他 (Qi ta)

Structural weave/Pattern weave

English term Japanese (romaji) Chinese (pinyin) examples
Plain/Tabby 平織り(Hira ori) 平织 (Ping zhi) Muslin
Twill(S) 綾織り(S) (Aya ori (S)) 斜织 (S) (Xie zhi (S))
Twill(Z) 綾織り(Z) (Aya ori (Z)) 斜织 (Z) (Xie zhi (Z)) Denim
Satin 繻子織り  (Shusu ori) 缎纹组织 (Duan wen zu zhi) Charmeuse, Baronet
Crossed 羅織り (Ra ori) 绞梭,交叉 (Jiao suo, Jiao cha) Gauze
Compound 複様組織 (Fukuyō soshiki) 混纺 (Hun fang)

Supplementary Pattern

English term Japanese (romaji) Chinese (pinyin) examples
Brocade
Embroidery 刺繍 (Shishū) 刺绣 (Ci xiu) Crewel work, Cross stitch, Bargello
Printing 印刷・プリント (Insatsu/print) 印刷 (Yin shua) Chintz
Stenciling-Metal leaf 印金・印銀・摺箔(Inkin/Ingin/Surihaku) 金属模板印花 (Jin shu mu ban yin hua)
Stenciling-Lacquer Example Example
Stenciling-Shell Example Example
Hand-Painting 手描き(Tegaki) 手绘 (Shou hui)
Bind resist 絞り染・纐纈 (Shibori/Kōkechi) 绞缬 (Jiao xie) Tie dye
Wax resist ろうけつ染(﨟纈)(Rōketsusome) 臈/蜡缬 (Ge/La xie) Batik
Paste resist 糊防染 (Noribōsen) 防染浆/剂 (Fang ran jiang/ji)
Clamp resist 板締め染 (Itajimezome) 夹缬 (Jia xie)
Other その他 (Sonota) 其他 (Qi ta)

Material

English term Japanese (romaji) Chinese (pinyin) examples
Silk 絹 (Kinu) 绢 (Juan) Wild, Bombyx mori
Cotton 綿 (Men) 棉 (Mian) Pima, Egyptian, Asiatic
Wool 毛・ウール (ke/Ūru) 毛 (Mao) Merino, Alpaca
Synthetic 合成 (Gōsei) 人造纤维 (Ren zao xian wei) Polyester, Nylon
Hemp 麻 (Asa) 麻 (Ma) Example
Metallic 金属 (Kinzoku) 金属 (Jin shu) Example