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Mass spectrum of lindane


The legal name for the chemical gamma benzene hexachloride. Lindane is a powerful insecticide that is used as a fungicide, an indoor fumigant, and a contact poison. It is 100 times more toxic against roaches than DDT killing both insects and larvae.

Synonyms and Related Terms

gamma benzene hexachloride; benzene hexachloride; BHC; Gammexane [ICI]; hexachlorocyclohexane; Insecticide 666; Tri-6; Viton; gamma hexachlor; Lindafor; Lindatox; Agrocide; Isotox; Esoderm; Aparasin;



Chemical structure


Other Properties

Soluble in acetone, cyclohexane, naphtha, benzene, and ethanol. Insoluble in water.

Composition C6H6Cl6
CAS 58-89-9
Melting Point 112.5
Density 1.87
Molecular Weight mol. wt.=290.8
Boiling Point 323

Hazards and Safety

Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption. LD50 = 88-270 mg/kg

International Chemical Safety Card

Additional Information

L. Zycherman and J.R. Schrock, A Guide to Museum Pest Control, FAIC, Washington, DC, 1988.

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • Thomas Gregory, The Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Reinhold Publishing, New York, 3rd ed., 1942
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry # 5526
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 413
  • Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, A Guide to Museum Pest Control, FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
  • Hermann Kuhn, Conservation and Restoration of Works of Art and Antiquities, Butterworths, London, 1986
  • G.Caneva, M.P.Nugari, O.Salvadori, Biology in the Conservation of Works of Art, ICCROM, Rome, 1991