The name mastic has generically been used for strong paste-like adhesives. Some mixtures are as follows:
1) Oil-mastic is a workable plaster that is used as a waterproof mortar and cement. As early as the 16th century, a cement called mastic was composed of Lime and Sand combined with Litharge and Linseed oil. This quick-drying oil-based mastic was used to set tesserae on mosaics (Mayer 1969).
2) Asphalt-mastic is a durable, weatherproof cement made from sand, or Limestone mixed with Asphalt and Tar. Natural rubber, SBR, or PVC is added as a tackifier. This black, weather resistant cement is used in highway construction, roofing and roll type floor coverings.
3) Synthetic resin-mastic is a plastic puttylike mixture that is used as a sealant and adhesive. Currently most mastic cements are used for installing windows as well as for laying floor and wall tiles.
Synonyms and Related Terms
adhesivo de almáciga (Esp.); mastic adhésif (Fr.); mastice (It); mastic cement; mastic sealant; asphalt mastic; asphaltic mastic; tile mastic
R. Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row, New York, 1969.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Irving Skeist, Handbook of Adhesives, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 1977