Modacrylic fiber

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Modacrylic underlayers
MFA# 2012.61

Description

Teklan

A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of less than 85% but at least 35% by weight of acrylonitrile units (Federal Trade Commission definition). The first modacrylic (modified acrylic) fiber, Dynel® was introduced in 1949; many later followed but the only one still in production at the end of the twentieth century is SEF [Solutia]. The resilient modacrylic fibers have an irregular cross section and fair elastic recovery (79-99% at 2% elongation). SEF has a low moisture regain of 2.5%. It will maintain its properties to temperatures of 190C (375F). Modacrylic fibers are resistant to sunlight, bleaches and are considered non-allergenic. Because modacrylic fibers are fire resistant and self-extinguishing, they are commonly used in children's sleepwear. They are also used for wigs, stuffed toys and fake fur fabrics.

Teklan

Synonyms and Related Terms

Verel fibers

modacrylic fibre; polyacrylonitrile; Dynel® [Union Carbide]; Verel®[Tennessee Eastman]; SEF [Solutia]; Elura [Monsanto Fibers]; Teklan; Crylor; Kanecaron

FTIR

Verelfiberkj1.jpg

SEM

Verel1000m.jpg

SEM

Verel350m.jpg

Risks

Fire resistant and self-extinguishing. Non-allergenic.

Cellusuede: Modacrylic SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in butyrolactone and warm acetone. Resistant to other organic solvents alkalis and acids. Tenacity = 1.8-2.5 g/denier (dry); 1.7-2.4 (wet); Elongation = 35-48%; Moisture regain = 0.4-4.0%. Melting Point = 120-125C (soften). Density = 1.35-1.37

Comparisons

Properties of Synthetic Fibers

Fiber Burn Tests

Resources and Citations

  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Marjory L. Joseph, Introductory Textile Science, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Fort Worth, TX, 1986
  • Identification of Textile Materials, The Textile Institute, Manchester, England, 1985
  • Fairchild's Dictionary of Textiles, Phyllis G.Tortora, Robert S. Merkel (eds.), Fairchild Publications, New York City, 7th edition, 1996
  • J.Gordon Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:II Man-made Fibres, Merrow Publishing Co. , Durham, England
  • Website: www.fabrics.net
  • Rosalie Rosso King, Textile Identification, Conservation, and Preservation, Noyes Publications, Park Ridge, NJ, 1985
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998