A class of dyes extracted from plant and animal sources. Natural dyestuffs can be derived from leaves, branches, fruits, flowers or roots of some plants; common examples are: Alkanet, Annatto, Archil, Brazilwood, Buckthorn berries, Cudbear, cutch, Fustic, Madder, Indigo, Litmus, Logwood, Morinda, Quercitron, Safflower, Saffron, Sassafras, Sumac, Turmeric, Turnsole, walnut, weld, and Woad. Some dyes come from animal sources; examples are Cochineal, Kermes, Lac dye, Sepia, and Tyrian purple.
Synonyms and Related Terms
natural dyestuff; colorantes naturales (Esp.); colorants naturels (Fr.); corantes naturais (Port.)
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000