Parathion

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Mass spectrum of parathion

Description

A highly toxic organic phosphate insecticide. Parathion was introduced in 1947. The pale yellow liquid acts as a cholinesterase inhibitor. It interrupts the function of the central nervous system and causes death by respiratory failure.

Synonyms and Related Terms

O,O-diethyl-O,p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate; ethyl parathion; O,O-diethyl-p-nitrophenyl thiophosphate; AATP; Niran; Penncap-E

FTIR

Parathionir.jpg


Other Properties

Soluble in ester, alcohols, ketones, ethers, aromatic hydrocarbons, oils. Slightly soluble in water. Insoluble in petroleum ether, kerosene.

Composition (C2H5O)2P(S)OC6H4NO2
CAS 56-38-2
Melting Point 6
Density 1.26
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 291.27
Refractive Index 1.5367
Boiling Point 375

Hazards and Safety

Highly toxic by skin contact, inhalation or ingestion.

Flammable. Flash point = 120-160 C.

LINK: International Chemical Safety Card

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 6897