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A soft, brown mass of semicarbonized, partially decomposed residue from plants. Peat is found in water-saturated environments, such as a bog. When dried, the light, spongy material is used as an organic fuel. Dried peat burns with a smoky flame and a characteristic odor.

See also lignite.

Synonyms and Related Terms

turba (Esp.); tourbe (Fr.); turfa (Port.); Torf (Deut.); turf (Ned.)

Density 0.84

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 584
  • Encyclopedia Britannica, Comment: Peat. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 1, 2003, from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service.
  • Website address 1 Comment: Material Explorer at (Accessed Oct 27, 2005)
  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: density=0.84