Polyvinyl chloride fiber

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Description

Polyvinyl chloride fiber,200x
Polyvinyl chloride fiber, 200x polarized light

A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is any long chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of vinyl chloride units (Federal Trade Commission definition). PVC fibers are generically known as vinyon fibers or chlorofibers. Pure PVC fibers are used to make elastomeric fabrics. They are also used in outdoor fabrics, such as tarps, awnings, rain gear and fishing nets.

See Vinyon fiber.

Synonyms and Related Terms

polyvinylchloride fibre; poly(vinyl chloride); vinyon; chlorofiber; Fibravyl [Rhone-Poulenc Textile, France]; Rhovyl, Thermovyl; Leavin [ACSA, Italy]; Cordelan; Movil [Societa Polymer, Italy]; Vinagel; Elaston; Trovidur; Bexan [BX Plastics]; Bristrand [Polymers Inc.]; Pe-Ce-U [Farbenfabriken Bayer A.G.; Tricovil; Kubo

Other Properties

  • Soluble in chlorinated hydrocarbons and aromatic solvents.
  • Insoluble in water, alcohols, concentrated acids and alkalis.
  • Burns with green smoky flame and evolves HCl; extinguishes whe removed form flame source.
  • Cross section = irregular.
  • Properties of 100% PVC: Tenacity = 2.7-3.0 g/denier (dry or wet) elongation 12-20% (dry or wet) Moisture regain = 0 %.
  • Melting Point = 160
  • Density = 1.38-1.40

Hazards and Safety

Degrades with heat and light to produce hydrochloric acid. May also form carbon monoxide or phosgene. Develops a negative static charge.

Comparisons

Properties of Synthetic Fibers

Fiber Burn Tests

Resources and Citations

  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • J.Gordon Cook, Handbook of Textile Fibres:II. Man-made Fibres, 5th edition, Merrow Publishing Co., Durham, England, 1984, p.444.
  • F. Kidd, Brushmaking Materials, Bristish Brush Manufacturers, London, 1957