Shortleaf pine

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Arkansas Soft Pine (Pinus echinata)


A Pine tree, Pinus echinata, native to the southeastern area of North America. The shortleaf pine produces a soft, pale yellow, easily worked wood. It is primarily used for millwork, interior trim, toys, and siding.

Synonyms and Related Terms

Pinus echinata; Southern pine; Arkansas soft pine; North Carolina pine; yellow pine

Shortleaf Pine (Pinus echinata)

Physical and Chemical Properties

  • Height = 20-30 m with circumferences 0.5-1 m
  • Leaves = Needle in fasciles of 2-3
  • Cones = 4-7 cm long with thin scales and short prickles.
  • Density = 38 pcf

Resources and Citations

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 612
  • Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
  • Southern Pine Association, New Orleans LA: air-dry weight = 38 pcf

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