White, poisonous solid used for the extraction of gold and silver from ores. Sodium cyanide is reacts with moist air or acids to form hydrogen cyanide which is then used as an insecticide and fumigant. In glassmaking, sodium cyanide is used as a reducing agent.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Cyanogran; Cyanegg [DuPont]
Soluble in water. Slightly soluble in ethanol.
|Molecular Weight||mol. wt. = 49.01|
Hazards and Safety
Highly toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption. Contact causes irritation. Reacts with moist air or acids to form highly toxic hydrogen cyanide gas.
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 736
- Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
- Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
- Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
- The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8750
- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: ref. index = 1.452
- Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998