Sodium peroxide

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Description

Yellowish-white, hygroscopic powder. Sodium peroxide is used industrially as a bleach for paper, textiles, bones, feathers, ivory, wood, wax, sponges, and coral. It is also used as an disinfectant in germicidal soaps. Sodium peroxide is used for rocket propulsion and to produce oxygen aboard submarines.

Synonyms and Related Terms

sodium dioxide; sodium superoxide; Solozone

Chemical structure

Sodium peroxide.jpg


Other Properties

Reacts exothermically with water producing sodium hydroxide and oxygen.

Composition Na2O2
CAS 1313-60-6
Melting Point 460
Density 2.805
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 77.98
Boiling Point 657

Hazards and Safety

Strong oxidizing agent. Reacts violently with water, alcohols, acids, powdered metals and organic materials. Skin contact causes irritation and burns.

Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 566
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • The Dictionary of Paper, American Paper Institute, New York, Fourth Edition, 1980
  • Van Nostrand's Scientific Encyclopedia, Douglas M. Considine (ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1976
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 8800
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998