1) Natural rock that has been cut for use in construction or carving.
2) A British weight unit equivalent to 6.35 kg. Stones were widely used as a measuring tool in Europe and Britain throughout the Middle Ages. However, the weight of a stone was not standardized, but dependent on each local trading center. Due to expanded trade practices, England passed a law in 1389 standardizing the weight of a stone as 14 pounds.
Synonyms and Related Terms
piedra (Esp;); pierre (Fr.); pedra (Port.); Stein (Deut.); steen (Ned.)
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
- Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
- Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985
- Dictionary of Building Preservation, Ward Bucher, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York City, 1996
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: "stone" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed November 7, 2001].