A hard, opaque, nonporous ceramic. Stoneware is made from secondary clay and fired at temperatures of 1200-1300 C. It was made in China as early as 1400 BCE. The presence or absence of trace components in the clay can color stoneware white, gray, black, red, or brown. Stoneware can be unglazed or glazed with lead or salt glazes.
Synonyms and Related Terms
faïence (Fr.); grés (Port.)
Sources Checked for Data in Record
- Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
- The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998
- The Dictionary of Art, Grove's Dictionaries Inc., New York, 1996 Comment: "Ceramics"