Straw

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Contents

Description

A general name for stalks from cereal grain plants, such as wheat, barley, rye, oat, and rice. Since ancient times, straw fibers have been woven or braided to form hats, bags, shoes, mats, and baskets. Straw was also used for papermaking in ancient China. It was the primary fiber used for paper in Europe and North America from the 18th century until the 1920s when it was replaced by wood pulp. Straw pulp is still used for strawboard, printing paper, wallpaper, and inexpensive wrapping papers.

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Synonyms and Related Terms

barley straw; oat straw; rice straw; rye straw; wheat straw; bagasse; espiga (Esp.)

Other Properties

Stains pink with aniline sulfate. Fibers are 1 - 1.5 mm long

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Authority

  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 684
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Dictionary of Fiber & Textile Technology (older version called Man-made Fiber and Textile Dictionary, 1965), Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte NC, 1990
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982
  • A.Lucas, J.R.Harris, Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 4th edition, 1962

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