1) Any of several deciduous trees of the genus Platanus, especially Platanus occidentalis (buttonwood) found in eastern North America. In Europe, they are commonly called plane trees. This tree has a pale, reddish-brown, close-grain wood that is tough and takes a fine polish. The wood is used for tool handles, rollers, flooring, furniture, crates, butcher blocks, musical instruments, and veneer. See London plane.
2) A type of maple tree, Acer pseudoplatanus, native to Europe and Asia. Also called harewood, the tree has a light colored wood with a straight grain and even texture. It is used for inlays, veneer, and millwork.
3) A fig tree, Ficus sycamorus, native to Africa and southwest Asia.
Synonyms and Related Terms
1. Platanus occidentalis; American sycamore; American plane tree; harewood; buttonwood; buttonball; sycomore (Fr.)
1. Large tree growing to 40 m with spreading branches Bark=thin gray-brown exfoliating to form light patches. Fruit=ball containing tufted aches.
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- F. H. Titmuss, Commercial Timbers of the World, The Technical Press Ltd., London, 1965 Comment: 22-43 ppcf
- Encyclopedia Britannica, http://www.britannica.com Comment: sycamore" Encyclopædia Britannica [Accessed November 7, 2001].
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- Website address 1 Comment: Virginia Tech Dendrology website at www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/main.htm (Accessed Dec. 9, 2005)
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- CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Robert Weast (ed.), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, v. 61, 1980 Comment: density=24-37 ppcf (0.40-0.60 g/cm3)
- George Savage, Art and Antique Restorer's Handbook, Rockliff Publishing Corp, London, 1954