Yellow gold

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MFA Acc. #: 2006.385

Description

A Gold alloy that is yellow in color. Yellow gold compositions can range from pure gold (24 carat) to about 20% gold (~5 carat). It is usually alloyed with Silver (Ag) and Copper (Cu) and occasionally Zinc (Zn). The color shade, hardness, and ductility vary with composition. In general, the strength of the alloy increases with higher percentage of alloying components. Some compositions for yellow gold are: - Yellow gold (24k): Au (100%), very soft and malleable (density=19.23, m.p.=1064C) - Yellow gold (22k): Au with Ag (8.4%) - Yellow gold (22k): Au with Ag (5.5%), Cu (2.8%) (density=17.9, m.p.=995-1020C) - Yellow gold (22k): Au with Ag (5.0%), Cu (2.0%) and Zn (1.3%) - Dark yellow gold (22K): Au with Ag (3.2%), Cu (5.1% ) (density=17.8, m.p.=964-982C) - Yellow pink gold (21K): Au with Ag (4.5%), Cu (8.0%) (density=16.8, m.p.=940-964C) - Green-yellow gold (18k): Au with Ag (25.0%) - Pale yellow gold (18K): Au with Ag (16.0%), Cu (9.0%); (density=15.6, m.p.=895-920C) - Yellow gold (18K): Au with Ag (12.5%), Cu (12.5%); (density=15.45, m.p.=885-895C) - Yellow gold (14K): Au with Ag (30.0%), Cu (11.5%) - Pale yellow gold (9K): Au with Ag (55.0%), Cu (7.5%) - Yellow gold (9K): Au with Ag (42.5%), Cu (20.0%) - Rich yellow gold (9K): Au with Ag (31.25%), Cu (31.25%) - Imitation yellow gold (~5K): Au (17-25%), Ag (10-27%), Cu (40-60%), Zn (3-12%)

Synonyms and Related Terms

Gelbgold (Deut.)

Sources Checked for Data in Record

  • A History of Technology, Charles Singer, E.J. Holmyard, A.R. Hall (eds.), Clarendon Press, Oxford, Volume 1: From Early times to Fall of Ancient Empires, 1954

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