Antimony oxychloride

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White, crystalline powder originally named after the 16th century Italian physician, Vittorio Algaroth (Schur 1985). Antimony oxychloride is used for flameproofing textiles.

Synonyms and Related Terms

antimony chloride oxide; basic antimony chloride; powder of Algaroth; Mercurius vitae


  • Toxic.
  • American Elements: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Soluble in acid, carbon disulfide and alkali. Insoluble in ethanol, ether. Hydrolyzed in water to Sb2O3.

Composition SbOCl
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 173.21

Resources and Citations

  • Susan E. Schur, Conservation Terminology: A review of Past & Current Nomenclature of Materials, Technology and Conservation, Spring (p.34-39); Summer (p.35-38); Fall (p.25-36), 1985
  • The Merck Index, Martha Windholz (ed.), Merck Research Labs, Rahway NJ, 10th edition, 1983 Comment: entry 734

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