A corrosive, nonmetallic element. Bromine is a dark, reddish-brown liquid at room temperature. It occurs in seawater at concentrations of about 65 parts per million. Bromine was first identified as a separate chemical element in a 1826 publication by a French chemist Antoint-Jerome Balard. Bromine is used in fumigants, dyes, photographic chemicals, and as a flame retardant in plastics. It is also used for the chemical extraction of gold from ores.
Synonyms and Related Terms
Br; Broom (Ned.); brome (Fr.); Brom (Deut., Sven.); bromus (Gr.) ; bromo (It., Port., Esp.)
Soluble in ethanol, ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide. Slightly soluble in water.
|Composition||Br (atomic no. 35)|
|Molecular Weight||atomic wt = 79.904|
Hazards and Safety
Skin contact will cause severe burns. It is very corrosive and a strong oxidizer. Inhalation of bromine vapors is toxic and will burn throat and lung tissue.
Toxic by ingestion. (antidote is ammonia or thiosulfate)
Mallinckrodt Baker: MSDS
Web Elements: Website
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