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Painting on canvas
MFA# 2003.72


A heavy, strong, plain weave fabric made from Cotton, Hemp, or Linen. Canvas is used for tents, sails, awnings, bags, and as a support for embroidery and paint. Artist canvases for paintings are usually made from linen that is stretched on a rigid frame then coated with preparatory layers.

Synonyms and Related Terms

duck; doek (Ned.) canvas (Ned.); kannevas of stramien (Ned.); schilderslinnen( Ned.); toile (Fr.); Leinwand (Deut.); tel (It.); duk (Sven.); lona (Esp.); cañamazo (Esp.); lienzo (pintura) (Esp.)

Resources and Citations

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • Ralph Mayer, A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969 (also 1945 printing)
  • Reed Kay, The Painter's Guide To Studio Methods and Materials, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1983
  • Edward Reich, Carlton J. Siegler, Consumer Goods: How to Know and Use Them, American Book Company, New York City, 1937
  • G.S.Brady, Materials Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 1971 Comment: p. 282
  • Random House, Webster's Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, Grammercy Book, New York, 1997
  • The American Heritage Dictionary or Encarta, via Microsoft Bookshelf 98, Microsoft Corp., 1998

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