A water-based paint in which the pigment and binder are uniformly dispersed in a liquid. Emulsion paints can include tempera paints, oil-in-water formulations, and aqueous polymer dispersions. By 1963, several several synthetic resin emulsions paint such as the acrylics (such as Shiva, Hyplar Acrylic Colors, Aqua-tec, and Cryla) came on the market. Vinyl resins, such as polyvinyl acetate, have also been used to prepare water-based emulsion paints, such as Hyplar Artists' Colors. Polymer colors dry quickly to form a tough film with brilliant colors. Emulsion paints are commonly referred to as 'latex' paints.
Synonyms and Related Terms
latex paint; polymer dispersion paints; Binderfarbe (Deut.)
Resources and Citations
- ASTM, "Standard Terminology Relating to Paint, Varnish, Lacquer and Related Products", Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Section 6, Paints, Related Coatings and Aromatics, ASTM, D16, 7-Jan, Jul-96
- Paint in America, Robert Moss (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1994 Comment: M.Phillips, "A Survey of Paint Technolology"
- Art and Architecture Thesaurus Online, http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/, J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, 2000