Ethylene dichloride

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Description

A colorless, oily liquid that smells like Chloroform. Ethylene dichloride was first isolated in 1795 by Dutch chemists. It has been used as a solvent for fats, oils, waxes, gums, resins, plastics, and rubber. The solvent is also used in the production of Vinyl chloride and Vinylidene chloride. Ethylene dichloride is also mixed with Carbon tetrachloride for use as the fumigants Dowfume 75, and Dowfume G.

Chemical structure

Ethylene dichloride.jpg

Synonyms and Related Terms

ethylene chloride; 1,2-dichloroethane; ethane dichloride; EDC; Dutch liquid; Dutch oil; Brocide

Risks

  • Toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption.
  • Irritant to eyes and skin.
  • Human carcinogen.
  • Flammable. Flash point = 13 C (55 F). It may decompose with heat to produce toxic fumes including hydrogen chloride and phosgene (ICSC # 0007).
  • May corrode metals in the presence of moisture.
  • Airgas: SDS

Physical and Chemical Properties

Miscible in most organic solvents. Slightly soluble in water.

Composition ClCH2CH2CL
CAS 107-06-2
Melting Point -40 C
Density 1.2569 g.ml
Molecular Weight mol. wt. = 98.96
Boiling Point 83-84 C

Resources and Citations

  • R. J. Gettens, G.L. Stout, Painting Materials, A Short Encyclopaedia, Dover Publications, New York, 1966
  • Richard S. Lewis, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 10th ed., 1993
  • Stephen R. Edwards, Bruce M. Bell, Mary Elizabeth King, Pest Control in Museums: a Status Report 1980, Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1980
  • Lynda A. Zycherman, J.Richard Schrock, A Guide to Museum Pest Control, FAIC and Association of Systematics Collections, Washington DC, 1988
  • Michael McCann, Artist Beware, Watson-Guptill Publications, New York City, 1979
  • Matt Roberts, Don Etherington, Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books: a Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC, 1982

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